One of the most interesting and important phenomena yet to have received appropriate treatment in research literature is the de-radicalization process which several Islamic terrorist organizations have undergone and are still undergoing.
This paper gives a short comprehensive overview of Pakistan’s historical role in the emergence, development and radicalization of jihadist movements since the 1980s. India, as well as faraway states like the US and the UK, has suffered from this jihadist phenomenon. Since the early 1990s,
This article provides a comprehensive analysis of Saudi Arabia’s double-standard approach to ideological counter-radicalization. Saudi de-radicalization efforts are examined in the context of their ideological, religious and historical status, revealing a plethora of complex issues and inconsistencies.
The permeation of radical Islam in Chechnya has served a multi-faceted function. It has been the vehicle of separatist resistance, a platform of political strife and conflict, a source of funding and external support and a unifying ideological principle that, in its various interpretations, has
Prisons can play a critical role in both triggering and reinforcing the radicalization process. The prison’s isolated environment, ability to create a “captive audience” atmosphere, its absence of day-to-day distractions, and its large population of disaffected young men, makes it an excellent breeding ground for
By Javier Jordán and Fernando M. Mañas, University of Granada (Spain) Translated by Peter Billerbeck, University of St Thomas (USA) Is it possible to know if we are before a jihadist judging solely by exterior appearances? It is, in fact, very difficult to respond to
In the September 11, 2006 al-Qaida video, serious threats were made towards France when Ayman al-Zawahiri said, “Osama Bin Laden has told me to announce to the Muslims that the GSPC [the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat] has joined al-Qaida. This should be a
The surge of immigration especially during the course of the past twenty years has created an unprecedented situation, to many analysts a ‘Trojan Horse’ of radical Islam inside the usually tolerant and liberal Western European societies bringing the respective governments now before a fait accompli situation that must
By Lauren Ballback & John Ransom This paper aims to analyze the process of radicalization among Muslims in the United States. After providing an overview of the Muslim population and community structure, the paper examines overall trends and cases In order to explain the causes and
This paper aims to analyze the process of radicalization among Muslims in the United States. The purpose of this report is to create an index of radicalization of the Muslim community in Italy. Preceded by concise sections about demographics and organization, the main part of
The assassination of filmmaker Theo van Gogh rocked Dutch society and politics. In the aftermath of the murder, the government has set about a process of fundamentally changing its policies towards Islam, Muslims, and integration. These issues have become issues of national security.
Since the beginning of the wave of protests, the Party has attempted to maintain the image of a moderate party which communicates its messages using non-violent methods.On the other hand, it does not hesitate to use radical religious terminology which is likely to incite violent
This article will analyze whether the emergence of an Islamic party at the head of the Palestinian Authority (PA) has caused a change in Hizb al-Tahrir al-Islami’s view of the PA.
The war in Iraq has produced a tremendous change in the Middle East and in the Muslim world at large. For the first time in history, an Arab country is controlled by the Shi’a. The West does not grasp yet the full meaning of the
Experts have long contended that the UK is a safe haven for radical Islamic terror networks, which exploit British freedoms to further their goals. Britain has in the past upheld the rights of individuals, including the right of radical individuals to orchestrate the eradication of
The involvement of British Muslims in the London bombings, along with the killing of Dutch filmmaker Theo van Gogh by a radical Dutch Muslim of Moroccan descent, have raised concerns that Jihadist Islam is penetrating Europe not only through new immigrants but also by appealing
The year 2005 appeared to mark a radicalization of the Islamic Liberation Party (Hizb al-Tahrir al-Islami – HT). A review of HT’s activities and its leaders’ declarations showed that there was not an organizational radicalization, but rather a “deviation” by individual members or branches from
The 7 July multiple bombings in Londond emonstrate the emergence of new trends which have begun to manifest themselves elsewhere, most notably it appears inAustraliaand the USA. Note: This essay will be published in the forthcoming book ‘Terrorism and Human Rights’ to be published by
The so-called French “Intifada” coupled with the terrorist attacks perpetrated by “Al-Qaeda” in Western Europe in recent years, have led to questions of the status of the Muslim community in Europe.
Jihadi terrorism has become an area of increasing concern for world governments since 9/11. However, individuals typically go through an extensive process of radicalization prior to the execution of such religious violence. .
This report examines Islamic radicalization in Massachusetts by applying an integrated analysis of the state’s multi-faceted Muslim community. Given the historic and continued commitment to religious freedom in Massachusetts, instances of radicalization within the state are a unique phenomenon.
Terror in Vacationland is an assessment of Islamic radicalization in the State of Maine. Using both empirical and theoretical frameworks, this work analyzes Maine’s Muslim populations, identifies potential risk factors for radicalization, and explores historical connections between terrorism and Maine.
The purpose of this paper is to analyse the process of radicalization of Muslims in Norway. The paper begins by outlining the Muslim population, demographics, mosques, organizations, as well as political participation. The paper further presents a theoretical approach to radicalization while looking at the
This paper is designed to provide an overview of Islamic radicalization in the state of New Jersey. It is part of ICT’s Islamic Radicalization Index (IRI) and follows a similar structure to other papers in the index. This report is part of a larger project
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the process of radicalization of Muslims in the state of California, in the United States. The paper begins by outlining the demographics, diversity, socio-economic conditions, mosques, organizations, as well as political participation of Muslims in California. The
Belgium has become a major hotbed for radicalization in Europe. At least 380 Belgians have travelled to Syria as foreign fighters, giving Belgium the largest number of jihadists per capita at 33.9 fighters per one million residents. Radicalized Belgian Muslims are significantly involved not only
This paper examines the phenomenon of Islamic radicalization in Russia, analyzing the causes, dynamics and implications of the increasing radicalization of Russia’s Muslim community. The paper argues that in the last few years Islam has increased its physical presence in Russia, for example through the
Many Islamic sites with forums, which identify with the Global Jihad, reported on 28 December 2008 that Awad Al-Qarni, a senior Saudi Arabian Islamic cleric, published a fatwa calling for attacks on Israeli interests worldwide “in response to the slaughtering which the Occupation is perpetrating
Against the backdrop of the events in Gaza, one of the surfers in the Al-Faloja forum, who identifies himself as an Iraqi writer, published a call to surfers on 29 December 2008, to gather information on Israeli and American embassies worldwide, including their telephone numbers
With the recent unraveling of events in Gaza, Israel and the international community have an opportunity to reshuffle the deck in this terror-riddled region. This opportunity must not be wavered.
In my previous op-ed of December 23, “Needed, A strategy against Hamas”, I advocated that Israel’s main strategic goal in a future military operation, should be the prevention of Hamas’ increased military and political strength and the shattering of the organization’s exclusive control of the
Hamas’ show of strength during its mass rally on December 14, 2008, celebrating its 21 anniversary, and the threatening declarations of its leaders in Gaza and Damascus, culminated in the cancellation of the six-month cease-fire (tahidyeh) with Israel. This stands in contrast to the lack
On January 27th 2009 an explosive charge was blown up near the Kisufim passage in the southern part of the Gaza Strip. As a result of the explosion, one soldier was killed and three were wounded. It is the first serious incident since the withdrawal
Hamas’ minister, Said Siam, considered one of the most senior members of the Palestinian group’s leadership, was killed on 15 January 2009 afternoon in an Israeli air strike on his brother’s home in Gaza City. Siam, 50, is the most senior Hamas figure was killed
As the Israeli operation in Gaza moves toward the end of its third week, voices of criticism are echoing among the international media. Although many people around the world accept Israel’s right to defend its citizens from ongoing, daily missile attacks launched by Hamas against
Among other disadvantages, a lack of clear victory on Hamas would utterly change the balance of power between the moderate Arab states in favor of the radical coalition Iran-Syria-Hizballah-Hamas, thus farther destabilizing the Middle East and enhancing Iran’s hegemonic status in the region as a
Prof. Amos Guiora of the University of Utah College of Law says that while self-defense (in the classic model) is the legal basis for Israel’s “Operation Cast Lead” against Hamas, the Israel Defense Forces’ re-articulation of proportionality and collateral damage in that context is a
In order to further strike Hamas, the ground offensive must be expanded and more forces should be thrown into battle intended to maintain the operational and the psychological pressure and the momentum to crash and suppress Hamas’ remaining operational capabilities and influence its leaders’ motivations.
The IDF killed Amir Yusuf Mansi, who was the commander of Hamas rocket cells operating in the Gaza City area. Manasi, engineer in his education, was killed in aerial assault while firing mortar shells at IDF forces in Gaza. According to the Israeli army Mansi
Urban warfare is the most difficult battlefield, where Hamas and Islamic Jihad have a relative advantage, with local knowledge and prepared positions. Israeli Army has also come prepared for a battle both sides knew was inevitable. The asymmetric urban battle is waged among civilians and
War is terrible. It causes undue suffering and death to many. It has lasting impact on its victims. It must not–under any circumstances–be conducted in vain. Human life is too valuable. There are, however, just wars predicated on self-defense, such as Israel’s war on Hamas.
It is a clear and known fact that Hamas deliberately uses the strategy of human shields in its operational terrorist and guerrilla activities. This commentary provides an elucidated review of the Hamas’ usage of Palestinian civilians as human shields in their efforts to exploit the IDF’s
Sheikh Dr. Nizar Rayyan – one of the most prominent leaders of Hamas in Gaza – was killed in an air strike in the Gaza Strip, the first such attack in its six-day-old offensive. The air strike killed Nizar Rayyan along with nine other people, including
Hamas-ruled Gaza emerged on Israel’s southern border as an extremist state, allied with Iran, Syria and Hizballah, with a good chance of taking over the West Bank and affecting the stability of Jordan, Egypt and possibly also the Islamic Movement in Israel. It is imperative
The success of Israel’s military campaign to reach its security objectives and crack Hamas, as declared by the Israeli government, will have a direct impact on the Islamization and radicalization of the Palestinian issue as represented by Hamas, which poses a direct threat for any potential
Muhammad Dahlan: “There is no difference between Al-Qaeda and Hamas”. The Palestinian national aspirations, as traditionally reflected by Muhammad Dahlan, towards a rational pragmatic two states solution, are threatened by the Islamic Hamas. Hamas’ maximal, irrational radical Islamic aspirations pose an internal Palestinian danger to
Presentation on the use of children by terrorist organiztions
Countering house demolition policy claims presentation