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Special Report

Radicalization of jihadist movement in Pakistan

This paper gives a short comprehensive overview of Pakistan’s historical role in the emergence, development and radicalization of jihadist movements since the 1980s. India, as well as faraway states like the US and the UK, has suffered from this jihadist phenomenon. Since the early 1990s,

The Saudi Double-Game

This article provides a comprehensive analysis of Saudi Arabia’s double-standard approach to ideological counter-radicalization. Saudi de-radicalization efforts are examined in the context of their ideological, religious and historical status, revealing a plethora of complex issues and inconsistencies.

Radical Islam in Chechnya

The permeation of radical Islam in Chechnya has served a multi-faceted function. It has been the vehicle of separatist resistance, a platform of political strife and conflict, a source of funding and external support and a unifying ideological principle that, in its various interpretations, has

The “Radicalization Process” in Prisons

Prisons can play a critical role in both triggering and reinforcing the radicalization process. The prison’s isolated environment, ability to create a “captive audience” atmosphere, its absence of day-to-day distractions, and its large population of disaffected young men, makes it an excellent breeding ground for

Why does the Islamist threat still hang over France?

In the September 11, 2006 al-Qaida video, serious threats were made towards France when Ayman al-Zawahiri said, “Osama Bin Laden has told me to announce to the Muslims that the GSPC [the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat] has joined al-Qaida. This should be a

Islamic Radicalisation processes in Greece

The surge of immigration especially during the course of the past twenty years has created an unprecedented situation, to many analysts a ‘Trojan Horse’ of radical Islam inside the usually tolerant and liberal Western European societies bringing the respective governments now before a fait accompli situation that must

Islamist Radicalization in the United States

By Lauren Ballback & John Ransom This paper aims to analyze the process of radicalization among Muslims in the United States. After providing an overview of the Muslim population and community structure, the paper examines overall trends and cases In order to explain the causes and

Islamization Processes in Italy

This paper aims to analyze the process of radicalization among Muslims in the United States. The purpose of this report is to create an index of radicalization of the Muslim community in Italy. Preceded by concise sections about demographics and organization, the main part of

Hizb al-Tahrir al-Islami and the Cartoon Fracas

Since the beginning of the wave of protests, the Party has attempted to maintain the image of a moderate party which communicates its messages using non-violent methods.On the other hand, it does not hesitate to use radical religious terminology which is likely to incite violent

Radicalization of the Sunni-Shi’a Divide

The war in Iraq has produced a tremendous change in the Middle East and in the Muslim world at large. For the first time in history, an Arab country is controlled by the Shi’a. The West does not grasp yet the full meaning of the

Islamic Radicals in the UK

Experts have long contended that the UK is a safe haven for radical Islamic terror networks, which exploit British freedoms to further their goals. Britain has in the past upheld the rights of individuals, including the right of radical individuals to orchestrate the eradication of

Islamic Extremism on the Rise in Europe

The involvement of British Muslims in the London bombings, along with the killing of Dutch filmmaker Theo van Gogh by a radical Dutch Muslim of Moroccan descent, have raised concerns that Jihadist Islam is penetrating Europe not only through new immigrants but also by appealing

Islamic Radicalism under the Cover of Political Pragmatism

The year 2005 appeared to mark a radicalization of the Islamic Liberation Party (Hizb al-Tahrir al-Islami – HT). A review of HT’s activities and its leaders’ declarations showed that there was not an organizational radicalization, but rather a “deviation” by individual members or branches from

The Aftermath of 7 July – New Trends in Terror

The 7 July multiple bombings in Londond emonstrate the emergence of new trends which have begun to manifest themselves elsewhere, most notably it appears inAustraliaand the USA. Note: This essay will be published in the forthcoming book ‘Terrorism and Human Rights’ to be published by

Islamic Radicalization in Arizona

Jihadi terrorism has become an area of increasing concern for world governments since 9/11. However, individuals typically go through an extensive process of radicalization prior to the execution of such religious violence. . 

Islamic Radicalization in Massachusetts

This report examines Islamic radicalization in Massachusetts by applying an integrated analysis of the state’s multi-faceted Muslim community. Given the historic and continued commitment to religious freedom in Massachusetts, instances of radicalization within the state are a unique phenomenon. 

Islamic Radicalization in the State of Maine

Terror in Vacationland is an assessment of Islamic radicalization in the State of Maine. Using both empirical and theoretical frameworks, this work analyzes Maine’s Muslim populations, identifies potential risk factors for radicalization, and explores historical connections between terrorism and Maine.

Islamic Radicalization in Norway

The purpose of this paper is to analyse the process of radicalization of Muslims in Norway. The paper begins by outlining the Muslim population, demographics, mosques, organizations, as well as political participation. The paper further presents a theoretical approach to radicalization while looking at the

Islamic Radicalization in New Jersey

This paper is designed to provide an overview of Islamic radicalization in the state of New Jersey.  It is part of ICT’s Islamic Radicalization Index (IRI) and follows a similar structure to other papers in the index.  This report is part of a larger project

Islamic Radicalization in California

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the process of radicalization of Muslims in the state of California, in the United States. The paper begins by outlining the demographics, diversity, socio-economic conditions, mosques, organizations, as well as political participation of Muslims in California. The

Islamic Radicalization In Belgium

Belgium has become a major hotbed for radicalization in Europe. At least 380 Belgians have travelled to Syria as foreign fighters, giving Belgium the largest number of jihadists per capita at 33.9 fighters per one million residents. Radicalized Belgian Muslims are significantly involved not only

Islamic Radicalization in Russia

This paper examines the phenomenon of Islamic radicalization in Russia, analyzing the causes, dynamics and implications of the increasing radicalization of Russia’s Muslim community. The paper argues that in the last few years Islam has increased its physical presence in Russia, for example through the

We must reshuffle the deck

With the recent unraveling of events in Gaza, Israel and the international community have an opportunity to reshuffle the deck in this terror-riddled region. This opportunity must not be wavered.

Fighting and Defeating Hamas

In my previous op-ed of December 23, “Needed, A strategy against Hamas”, I advocated that Israel’s main strategic goal in a future military operation, should be the prevention of Hamas’ increased military and political strength and the shattering of the organization’s exclusive control of the

Needed, a strategy against Hamas

Hamas’ show of strength during its mass rally on December 14, 2008, celebrating its 21 anniversary, and the threatening declarations of its leaders in Gaza and Damascus, culminated in the cancellation of the six-month cease-fire (tahidyeh) with Israel. This stands in contrast to the lack

Hamas Minister killed in Gaza

Hamas’ minister, Said Siam, considered one of the most senior members of the Palestinian group’s leadership, was killed on 15 January 2009 afternoon in an Israeli air strike on his brother’s home in Gaza City. Siam, 50, is the most senior Hamas figure was killed

A call to revise the Geneva Conventions

As the Israeli operation in Gaza moves toward the end of its third week, voices of criticism are echoing among the international media. Although many people around the world accept Israel’s right to defend its citizens from ongoing, daily missile attacks launched by Hamas against

Legal Aspects of ‘Operation Cast Lead’ in Gaza

Prof. Amos Guiora of the University of Utah College of Law says that while self-defense (in the classic model) is the legal basis for Israel’s “Operation Cast Lead” against Hamas, the Israel Defense Forces’ re-articulation of proportionality and collateral damage in that context is a

Operation “Cast Lead” in Gaza – Military Push Needed

In order to further strike Hamas, the ground offensive must be expanded and more forces should be thrown into battle intended to maintain the operational and the psychological pressure and the momentum to crash and suppress Hamas’ remaining operational capabilities and influence its leaders’ motivations.

Hamas In Gaza – Urban Warfare Strategy

Urban warfare is the most difficult battlefield, where Hamas and Islamic Jihad have a relative advantage, with local knowledge and prepared positions. Israeli Army has also come prepared for a battle both sides knew was inevitable. The asymmetric urban battle is waged among civilians and

For Israel, the safety of its own people must come first

War is terrible. It causes undue suffering and death to many. It has lasting impact on its victims. It must not–under any circumstances–be conducted in vain. Human life is too valuable. There are, however, just wars predicated on self-defense, such as Israel’s war on Hamas.

Gaza -The Humanitarian Aspect and the Propaganda War

It is a clear and known fact that Hamas deliberately uses the strategy of human shields in its operational terrorist and guerrilla activities. This commentary provides an elucidated review of the Hamas’ usage of Palestinian civilians as human shields in their efforts to exploit the IDF’s

Islamization or Secularization of the Palestinian Cause

Muhammad Dahlan: “There is no difference between Al-Qaeda and Hamas”. The Palestinian national aspirations, as traditionally reflected by Muhammad Dahlan, towards a rational pragmatic two states solution, are threatened by the Islamic Hamas. Hamas’ maximal, irrational radical Islamic aspirations pose an internal Palestinian danger to