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Penetration and Influence of the Islamic Republic of Iran in Latin America

Since the 1979 Islamic Revolution, Iran has actively sought to establish itself as a key player both in the Middle East and on the global stage. This ambition has been largely shaped by its antagonistic relations with the United States and Israel, along with critical factors like its nuclear program and ties with groups like Hezbollah. Iran’s foray into Latin America is a strategic move, driven by a need to respond to international pressures and an opportunity to align with leftist governments sharing anti-American and anti-capitalist sentiments. This study delves into Iran’s motivations for penetrating Latin America post-1979, examining the objectives and strategies of the Ayatollahs’ regime. It also explores how Iran maintains its influence in the region and impacts political, ideological, and religious dynamics. The research synthesizes contributions from various global think tanks and academic institutions to provide a comprehensive view of Iran’s presence in Latin America, its implications for security, defense, and international relations, and to offer new insights into the complex Iran-Latin America relationship.