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Supporters of the Islamic State Campaign for the Holidays: Encouraging Lone-Wolf Attacks in the West


Throughout the latter quarter of 2021, online supporters of the Islamic State engaged in a campaign of incitement, calling on individuals to plan and execute individual-initiative (lone-wolf) attacks against western targets. While the campaign called for individual-initiative attacks in many western countries, supporters of ISIS emphasized incitement of attacks in the France and the United States. The actors continued this rhetoric throughout the latter part of the year, calling on supporters to take “revenge on the west during the holidays.”