This commentary discusses the contriversial issues of efficacy of counterrorism policy vs. the need to…
Progress in the war against terror, as brought about by the events of September 2001, has been limited – never actually amounting to significant international measures, or passing beyond mere declarative statements
The present-day situation is one of “the suicide-bomber living in our midst”. In countries around the world, hundreds of civilians are being killed annually in terror acts perpetrated or supported and abetted by their fellow citizens.
Generally speaking, the phenomenon of is found generally among members of the second and later generations of immigrants and young converts to Islam, those who were born into the all absorbing democratic reality, and who view themselves, rightly, as citizens to all intents and purposes; because this is the sign of good, healthy absorption.
However, due to Muslim religious radicalization, the failure to institute checks and balances, and as a result of the fact that the State respects freedom of religion, radical spiritual and religious leaders have exploited the gap in the fence while taking advantage of the values of democracy in order to encourage their charges to “cross the lines”. This is a cynical exploitation of democracy since, in the eyes of the faithful, religious law prevails over the laws of the State.
Despite this alarming phenomenon, our counter-measures remain mostly reactionary and seeimingly unchanged in the aftermath of 9/11.
Democracy as a stumbling block in the global war on terrorism:
Hence, in democratic countries, the security organizations and especially the police and the prosecution apparatus are very weak. In the totalitarian states, however, the security organizations distinctively wield enormous power. This is the situation in which Muslim radicals operate.
Mosques and humanitarian organizations are misused for unlawful, terror-supporting activity, knowing that the authorities will hesitate to act against such institutions for fear of violating their rights and statute. In the case of the “charity box”, for example, which is ostensibly intended to support the weak but actually serves in practise to finance terror, mothers are paid a “generous grant” for sending their children to operate as homicide bombers.
Nations that uphold the freedom values of democracy have an objective problem with executing aggressive law enforcement acts within a problematic minority.
We endeavour, quite rightly, to take action solely against the “bad guys”. This fact is exploited by the radical Muslims both in Israel and elsewhere, and therefore, most of the preparation and planning for perpetrating of acts of terror takes place within the community and its religious institutions, which provide mutual cover and concealment.
As democrats, we try not to impart to the war on terror the character of a religious war. Despite our efforts, the other side emphasises the subject of Islam and religious war. All injurious declarations targeting Jews and the West happen only against an Islamic religious backdrop.
Terror, like serious crime, is not an inevitable natural disaster, both can be handled and both can be rooted out. As an interim stage, it is certainly possible to minimize the phenomenon and its influence on our daily lives and our sense of personal security.
The fact that to this day there is neither any global consensus for defining an act of terror, nor any international system of laws against terror organizations, is directly and indirectly beneficial to radical organizations in carrying out acts of terror in the host country.
The regularly advanced argument, which ostensibly topples and cancels out any discussion or any reference to migrant or minority populations is one that reduces the phenomenon to the level of “weeds” that have crossed the “red line” and are activating terror against the host state. And, in the same breath, the proponents of this view cite human rights, freedoms of speech, religion, organization and so forth. In every criminal terror event perpetrated by minority members, proponents of the defence of minority rights will allege injury to the various rights of the perpetrator, in order to protect him from being penalized with the full force of the law for the criminal act he has committed.
A principal and integral part of the marketing strategy of terror organizations is that of gaining influence and sympathy among the “local” populace, and influencing public opinion and public opinion shapers, so that they in turn will influence the decision makers. The terror organizations want a frightened public that sees only the isolated incident and not the whole picture or the organizations’ strategy. This view will influence the decision makers and redound in favour or the terror-mongers.
The entire subject of democratic rights can be and generally is widely manipulated in order to elicit empathy on the part of many segments of the public; and generally speaking, perception and distinction tend to be one-sided, tipping in favour of the rights of the “unfortunate and oppressed”; and no one even momentarily bothers to remember the rights vesting also in ordinary citizens.
The entire subject of rights and values should be examined using two main parameters:
1. Natural rights are rights vesting by force of law in those who are citizens of the State by birth. These are basic rights.
2. Vested rights are rights all or part of which are granted to temporary residents, workers or migrants to whom the State has permitted entry. Immigrants get full rights and are even entitled to benefits that a rank and file citizen does not merit. When a migrant enters the host country, it is as if he declares that he takes upon himself the laws of that state and its governing principles.
Activating terror and targeting of the citizens of the host country are offences that must automatically negate the rights granted him.
Of course, champions of rights and the various “bleeding hearts” will immediately be on my case, forever seeing only one side of the coin; and they will expound my “virtues” to the world and “bless” my family several generations backwards and forwards…
I am prepared to accept this. They are within their right to express their opinion and our duty is not to become confused but to see the situation for what it really is.
Every government must preserve the personal and physical security of its citizens – not only the minorities but also citizens holding natural rights.
It is the duty of government to put a stop to any activity that endangers the lives of its citizens; it is its duty to use reasonable force under the specific circumstances of the case against whoever endangers the lives of innocent citizens.
Following the terror attack on the London railways, more than 25% of Muslim residents, British citizens, domiciled in London answered, in response to a survey, that they agreed with and supported the perpetrators of the attack.
In a survey in British university campuses among Muslim student it was found that one third supported murder in the name of religion, and 40% were in favour of imposing the laws of Islam in Britain (Moran Weiss, 27/7/2008).
“One third of Muslim students in Britain believe that murder on the name of religion is justified. This emerges from a new survey conducted among Muslim students in Britain. The survey, by YouGov, was conducted in 12 universities including Kings College and the Imperial Collage. The chosen universities were ones that have a high concentration of Muslims. The survey was published in the Daily Telegraph”.
The survey found that radical Muslim ideology is exerting an influence in British campuses. 40% of the students taking part in the survey responded that they were in favour of the inclusion of the Sharia laws as part of British law. One third of them expressed support for the imposition of the Islamic Caliphate based on the laws of Islam in all countries of the world”
As cover-up for and excuse for their acts, second generation immigrants the world over justify their support for acts of terror, as always, by raising allegations of adverse discrimination, humiliation, deprivation and so forth…
In the case of Muslim migrants, these are empty slogans and mere gibberish, whose object is to achieve their goal of unseating the government in power wherever they have settled and creating a radical religious autonomy, since, after all, it was they who, of their own initiative, migrated in order to improve their quality of life.
Democratic freedom of expression by means of legal acts and pushing the envelope of democracy should be respected and enabled in favour of creating a protest in relation to such allegations. But what is unconscionable is participating in or initiating or consenting to the perpetration of terror acts and acts violating the law of the land and targeting human lives, the lives of the citizens of the State that has absorbed you, the migrant, on political or religious grounds.
The first question I ask any Chief of Police on my visits abroad is whether he knows how many mosques exist in his territory, and how many of them were built in the past three years.
And the question I will put to his Intelligence Office is – what does he know about the community Imam of each of the mosques, and does he have intelligence sources within the mosque or in the Muslim community, and does he know what is being said in Friday sermons or religious lessons.
We in Israel experienced a terror attack that killed Israeli citizens and was perpetrated by Muslim British citizens arriving from such a community and such a mosque.
Even though awareness has evolved since September 11, 2001, I am acquainted with a considerable number of commanding officers who prefer not to know…
Am I, by chance, the only one to remember that the events of October were staged in a manner fully coordinated between public leaders belonging to radical streams of Israeli Arabs and the leadership of the PLO?
The Palestinian excuse for commencing the “intifada” was that Prime Minister Arik Sharon had ascended the Temple Mount. This excuse galvanized the entire Arab sector in Israel and Israeli Muslim nationalistic radical organizations, as a single entity, leading to the violent struggle that developed at top speed at dozens of focal points throughout Israel. Did this really take place against a background of deprivation and budgetary demands? Or did it imply a declaration of radical nationalistic solidarity, being both illegal and not generally accepted, with Palestinian terrorism activists? This insane rampage on the part of minority members was directed against Jews alone. InUm El Phachem, Wadi A’ra (Arab town), gangs of youths stopped motor vehicles and examined identity cards, and if the identity card said you were a Jew, may the Lord have mercy on your soul.
Muslim Israeli citizens mark the “A Naqba” (“Disaster”) Day of the Palestinians, the disaster being the founding the State of Israel; yet on the other hand, any proposal regarding an exchange of population and territory with the “Palestinian brothers” under the aegis of any peace agreements, encounters horrified reactions on the part of those same Muslim Israeli citizens.
Violent acts against policemen and government symbols in the area of Muslim minority communities are multiplying.
Here, too, the friction is a camouflage for violence against the symbols of authority, under guise of social protest against a social, political, economic background, whereas in fact, the exceedingly violent character of the protest derives from a nationalistic rather than a criminal background.
Israel Television recently published a write-up dealing with the robbery of a fuel station and a retail outlet in the north of the country, in which a young Jewish gas station attendant was brutally attacked with an axe by two assailants from a neighbouring village. A Druze or a Muslim attendant would not have been attacked.
This was no isolated incident in our country. Violence against the symbols of authority is not new.
Violence by Muslim minority members is directed primarily against Jews. Minority members will not steal the motor vehicle of a Muslim; and if they have done so by mistake, the car will promptly be returned with an apology.
The absurdity recurring in countless events is the situation in which violent riots erupt between hamullas (clans) or rival Muslim groups, people are injured, the security forces are call on to intervene and separate the warring factions and to prevent additional casualties. But, wonder of wonders, as soon as the security forces arrive, the real enemy has materialized! And both warring factions now join forces and start deploying common violence against the security forces that have responded to calls for help by coming to provide assistance. This is a regular scenario among the Arabs of Israel and also in the Territories.
A policeman standing at a road block at Mizpeh Ramon was killed in a hit-and-run by Bedouin sheet metal thieves; a car ran over and killed a policewoman posted at a road block erected against drug dealers in Ramle – Lod City. This happened not only because they were trying to prevent a crime, but primarily because of their being Jews, a symbol of the rule of Israeli law that operates in a minority neighbourhood some of whose residents in drugs under the protection of the community; or in an area in which a violent and nationalistic minority is attempting to dictate the rules of the game.
Erosion in the Druze community, Peki’in for example, is not being properly addressed. There have been proliferating instances of physical assaults and the use of violence solely against Jews and police forces as symbols of authority. The excuse for such acts will be a marginal, completely insignificant incident leading to the burning of the houses and cars of Jewish families, the use of gunfire against policemen, and a policewoman being taken hostage. Do the residents of Peki’in not know the identity of the “gang members”, the “rank weeds”, who are responsible for riots of the sort we recall from other dark periods? I remember a Druze border policeman under my command who acted improperly trying to explain to me that he did so because he was a Palestinian…
Jewish neighbours of minority communities in the north and south of the country suffer and complain of manifestations of theft and violence directed against them. Stories relating to the behaviour of minority members in shopping malls in the north and south are no secret.
The death of a small girl killed by an Al-Terrain Vehicle being wildly driven by a Muslim youth on the Day of Atonement, within the Jewish community where she lived, can be considered a road accident.
The background is that of a sneering challenge against Jewish neighbours during the fast of the Day of Atonement, on a religious and nationalistic background, with the aim of demonstrating who the controlling force on the ground is.
Internet reports of rioting here and there by minority groups, of violence outside night clubs and bars in which minority members are involved, they too, are nothing new, either in Israel or, of course, in Europe.
We see a radical and belligerent action pattern whenever of the symbols of law and order (policemen, inspectors, tax authorities and so forth) enter into a minority community, the entire village enlisting to attack the emissaries and attempts being made to set free detainees belonging to the village. We know that every attempt at law enforcement in minority communities requires the authorities to deploy as for a combative operation and not a mere tax collection act, for example.
The government today has neither the courage nor the wisdom to deal with the necessary firm resolve with the familiar phenomenon of rampaging and violence on the part of minority members, especially in the northern and southern regions, and of course in any concentration of minority members, such as various neighbourhoods of Ramle and Lod Citys.
I headed up a study instituted the Israel Police by on the subject of “Violence against the Police”, which examined the level of violence targeting policemen in the discharge of their duties over a 7-year follow-up period (1998 – 2003). I found a patently clear link between the number of policemen attacked and injured by civilians and the regions in which the number of minority members is high and even constitutes a majority. Unsurprisingly at the top of the rating is the northern region, followed by the south, the centre (Ramle – Lod) and Jaffa…
One ways to duck the discussion on minority violence is to cite shocking examples of violence by new immigrants, originating from Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, and violence by Ethiopians, advancing n explanation to the effect that what we are contemplating is a culture of violence.
I distinguish between violence by minority members and violence by groups of immigrants in the Jewish population.
Violence and delinquency on the part of people hailing from the former Soviet Union and Ethiopian immigrants derives from a different background, one of “pathological uprooting” and, in simpler terms, severe absorption problems, non-acceptance by veteran Israelis, and a sense of being persecuted on racist rather than nationalist grounds. The fact is that in Russia/ Ethiopia they suffered because they were Jews and here they suffer because they are Russians/ Ethiopians.
Also, the rising tide of violence among Israel-born youth stems mainly from different motivation and causes that have nothing whatsoever to do with nationalism.
We in Israel are highly sensitive to discrimination on a religious background. We experienced it in the not so distant past when we lost half of our number in a brutal, murderous, genocidal campaign of annihilation waged by a large number of regimes, merely because of our being Jewish, while a large part of the world looked the other way.
Despite our sensitivity we are not exempt from the phenomenon of racial discrimination, both singling out particular communities and between the religious and the secular amongst us.
Israel is a nation of Jews having arisen after the Holocaust with aim of ensuring that Jews would never again fall victim to religiously motivated genocide, and that within the Jewish state there would be room for minorities of other faiths, who would be granted full freedom of worship and would enjoy the rights bestowed by a democratic regime, even enjoying exemption from certain civil obligations.
Yet in spite of our good intentions, we in Israel are very clearly seeing the attitude of the Muslim minority, including the Bedouin and recently also the Druze that are, with enormous rapidity, becoming increasingly radicalized, are distancing themselves from the Jewish majority, are putting up shows of resistance and challenging Israeli governmental values and symbols.
And we are a weak democratic society, fearful, indeed “quaking in our boots” about what the others might do, what the world might say. What will happen tomorrow? Actually, we are doing nothing, and thereby only further aggravating and boosting this radicalization.
The absurd situations we encounter in Israel in our modes of dealing with the problem are astounding.
The family of an Israeli Muslim suicide bomber, who killed several Israelis at the Nahariya railway station, receives a pension from the National Insurance, its home was not destroyed and the family carries on with its ordinary life in the State of Israel and within their own community. They may and very likely do in fact use the services of Israeli Rail form the nearby Nahariya station to their place of residence, and to make excursions to Tel-Aviv.
Most of attacks in Israel have been carried out with the assistance of Israeli citizens, residents of East Jerusalem or Israeli Arabs who exploited their being identified Israeli citizens in order to aid and abet suicide bombers in reaching their destinations and were also involved in helping to transfer explosives into the territory of the State of Israel.
The authorities have acted and continue to act against these helpers with relatively soft kid gloves. The community, the population hub and even the members of the hamulla and the clan do not take umbrage at a hostile action by a member of their family and in most cases display public understanding and sympathy for his goings on, while once more accusing the government of inflicting some deprivation upon them. This would be one item out of the ready-made list of deprivations regularly trotted out on such occasions.
The family of a terrorist in East Jerusalem had no problem openly appearing on national television and praising and applauding the terror and of course justifying the man’s acts. Of course, there is no problem. Awaiting him in his mailbox at home is a fistful of unemployment benefits or a grant from the National Insurance Institute … on the basis of “his wife is a widow and his children orphans”.
A terrorist who entered into the” Mercaz HaRav” Yeshiva in Jerusalem and killed 8 yeshiva students not only intended to perpetrate an act of terrorism but deliberately intended an assault on a central Jewish religious symbol in Jerusalem and Israel.
Israeli courts do not give permission to dissolve a transportation contract entered into with a company in which a terrorist was employed, a family company belonging to a hamulla, even though all employees of the company and the family were seen in public in the mourners’ tent displaying joyful conduct and satisfaction at a member of the family having become a “Shahid” or martyr. The terrorist’s home, to the time of writing, has not been destroyed or sealed and probably never will be.
Know your enemy:
Despite the difference between our situation in Israel (Israeli Arabs are citizens of the State, a minority, but are not immigrants, being native to the country and holding natural rights) and second generation immigrants elsewhere in the world, the background is identical; and religious radicalization is the pivotal motive. The Muslims want to have it both ways – religious extremism on the one hand, accompanied by violent acts of protest, and, on the other hand, demands for civil democratic equality – likewise accompanied by violent acts of protest.
And as I have stated, these acts of nationalistic terrorism are disguised as criminal acts of disturbances of the peace.
The Chief of Police of a capital city in Europe which sustained a terrorist attack bearing these hallmarks sought to consult me as to how to relate to the Muslim minority in his city.
I replied that he should relate to the Muslim community in his city as a whole as citizens having equal rights; but at the same time he must view that community with suspicion and keep informed in real time as to what is going on within it.
The proper way to act in this delicate situation is by bringing the community to an understanding that it is in its own interest to abide by the rules and laws of the State; and that if negative acts within the community continue, then the entire community will necessarily suffer “inconvenience”.
It is, after all, my duty, as representing the rule of law, to protect the population and the citizens within my jurisdiction as a whole; and if I spot the source of the problem as emanating from within a certain public and I cannot isolate the specific elements involved, I shall be forced to act against the problematic territory; and the ones to suffer will be all those living within that territory.
And since radical Muslims are not impressed by threats or intimidation, actual measures must be taken.
The second generation of immigrants, just like minority members in Israel, are thoroughly familiar with Western culture, they live it (as and when they find it convenient to do so), they dwell in our midst, they are fluent in our language, they are versed in our culture, they are familiar with our sensitivities, our religious principles, and with the essential elements of the do’s and don’ts in our society; and they are precisely and fully aware of the rules of democracy and the boundaries of the freedom of expression and individual rights.
Every event of disturbance of the peace, collision with government forces and violent acts raises the bar of violent response and fans the flames to greater height in readiness for the next event, meanwhile, of course, setting the “red line” of the permitted and the forbidden in a democracy farther out then ever before.
We, by contrast, have never taken the trouble to study their culture, language, or religious principles, and we are not familiar with their culture-and-religion dependent sensitivities.
We are thus hoist by our own petard, having, by this neglect, created a gulf that operates to our detriment; and we have enabled the hostile forces in our midst to set the rhythm of the conflict and the level of escalation of violence. All we do is to react with Western culture-dependent responses.
The way I have proceeded in instances in which “resolute action” was called for was to act strictly in accordance with the law, but only the dry letter of the law, giving no quarter, allowing no discounts, and showing no consideration (except in humanitarian terms) or understanding. In this way I have tried to show that even though I possessed the authority and the lawful power to act in accordance with the letter of the law, I did not intend to use the full force of the law, provided the attitude proved mutual and a mutual understanding was reached between us.
For example, instituting motor vehicle inspection barriers to check licenses and insurance, and setting them up simultaneously at all entrances and exits of a population hub, is a perfectly lawful procedure.
Other combinations of elements might be traffic inspectors examining the good order and condition of motor vehicles, checking for liens and creditors on the vehicle, and detectives checking for the possible presence of illegal drugs and weapons; and one can go on to list several other perfectly lawful components.
It is important, however, that the town and the community understand why such measures are being imposed. This must be done by a determined information campaign.
The messages the townspeople will get will be clear and uniform, and it must be plainly stated that we desire to reach dialogue with the town’s leadership and establish rules of community conduct, based on approaching equilibrium with regard to the laws of the State and sensitivity for the protection of human life and quality of life, including by them as citizens with equal rights. They must be made to understand that the object is not to punish; however, if the peace is not maintained “on the other side”, and a sense of security is not achieved, then life is not going to proceed peacefully and tranquilly for them.